THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION
Before describing the curriculum of Tanzim Madaris Qawmiya it will be apt to relate a short history of the syllabi of Arabic sciences so that the academic tendencies, right from the first decade of Islam to the present day, may be briefly estimated.
In the prophetic era education began with the Holy Quran. During the caliphate of Hazrat Umar special arrangement was made, along with the teaching of the Quran, for the teaching and learning, and dissemination and publication of the Hadith lore also. As time rolled on and educational needs multiplied, as per necessity, disciplines also continued to be added. Till the middle of the second century-Hijri, arts and sciences were restricted to the Quran, Hadith, Fiqh and the Arabic poetry. Thereafter, till the end of the fourth century Hijri, which is called the age of invention and redaction, the invention of different arts and sciences and their translations came into being along with civilization growth and progress, and as per necessity some arts also began to be taught. As such, Hadith, Tafsir, Fiqh, Principles of Fiqh, Grammar and Syntax, Lexicon, Arabic poetry and History were considered the subjects for scholastic education of that period. Medicine, Astrology, Astronomy and some other Greek sciences can also be added to this syllabi.